Articles and Publications

Comparison of receptor affinity of natSc-DOTA-TATE versus natGa-DOTA-TATE

Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur. 2011;14(2):85-9.

Koumarianou E1, Pawlak D, Korsak A, Mikolajczak R.

National Centre for Nuclear Research, Radioisotope Centre POLATOM, Otwock, Poland.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: 44Sc as a positron emitter can be an interesting alternative to 68Ga (T½=67.71 min) due to its longer half-life (T½=3.97 h). Moreover, the b-emitter 47Sc can be used for therapy when attached to the same biomolecule vectors. DOTA as a chelating agent has been proven suitable for the radiolabelling of peptides recognising tumour cell receptors in vivo with M3+ radiometals. DOTA-derivatized peptides have been successfully labelled with 90Y and 177Lu for therapy, and with 68Ga for PET imaging. However, published data on 44Sc-labelled DOTA-biomolecules as potential PET radiotracers are still very limited. The aim of this study was to compare the affinity of natGa- and natSc-labelled DOTA-TATE to somatostatin receptors subtype 2 expressed in rat pancreatic cancer cell line AR42J.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cold complexes of DOTA-TATE with natGa and natSc were synthesized and identified by HPLC and MS analysis and evaluated in vitro for competitive binding to cancer cell line AR42J expressing somatostatin receptors subtype 2 (sstr2).
RESULTS: The IC50 values calculated from the displacement curve of {125I-Tyr11}-SST-14 were: 0.20±0.18, 0.70±0.20, 0.64±0.22 and 0.67±0.12 for natGa-DOTA-TATE, natSc-DOTA-TATE, DOTA-TATE, and {Tyr11}-SST-14 complexes, respectively, with the affinity lowering in the decreasing order: natGa-DOTA-TATE>DOTA-TATE>Tyr11-SST-14>natSc-DOTA-TATE.
CONCLUSIONS: The binding affinity of natGa-DOTA-TATE appeared higher than that of natSc-DOTA-TATE. Further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to verify the influence of the chelated metal on the affinity and uptake of the respective radiolabelled compounds. This information might be crucial when the in vivo applications of peptides labelled with 68Ga and 44Sc for PET, as well as the use of 47Sc for radiotherapy are considered.

Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice.

Curr Protoc Immunol. 2014 Feb 4;104:Unit 15.25.. doi: 10.1002/0471142735.im1525s104.

Chassaing B1, Aitken JD, Malleshappa M, Vijay-Kumar M.

Center for Inflammation, Immunity, & Infection, Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), mainly comprising ulcerative colitis and Crohn's Disease, are complex and multifactorial diseases with unknown etiology. For the past 20 years, to study human IBD mechanistically, a number of murine models of colitis have been developed. These models are indispensable tools to decipher underlying mechanisms of IBD pathogenesis as well as to evaluate a number of potential therapeutics. Among various chemically induced colitis models, the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model is widely used because of its simplicity and many similarities with human ulcerative colitis. This model has both advantages and disadvantages that must be considered when employed. This protocol describes the DSS-induced colitis model, focusing on details and factors that could affect DSS-induced pathology.